What is a belt conveyor?

Belt Conveyor systems are the most versatile and simplest material handling systems. Two or more pulleys drive an endless loop belt, smoothly and quickly moving a product from Point A to Point B. Belts are fabric or rubber, and they are commonly used in both manufacturing and distribution facilities.belt conveyor

Ultimation designs and builds electric belt conveyor systems from 5′ long to 102′ long and in widths from 6″ wide belts up to 72″ wide. Powered belt conveyor units are great for transporting regular and irregular shaped objects both light and heavy. Typical items transported on the belt conveyor include totes, packaged goods, bulk boxes and bundled items. Due to simplicity in design and construction, the motorized belt conveyor installs quickly for a reduced installation time. As a leading electric conveyor belt manufacturer, Ultimation can guide you through the selection process.

Belt Conveyor Design Checklist – Use them to:

  • Move simple products from one location to another
  • Move products up or down inclines (check with our engineers on maximum angles for your product)
  • Move in either continuous or indexing modes (i.e. the belt stops and starts each time to move a product to the end of the belt using a sensor)
  • Use when changing the speed is necessary. When fitted with a VFD (variable frequency drive), a powered belt conveyor is a simple conveyor to adjust the speed on
  • Moving a product around curves. Belt conveyor curves maintain the proper product orientation while a product moves around the curve

Don’t use a motorized belt conveyor if you need:

  • Accumulating products (i.e. for a buffer). Belt conveyors can’t allow the products to nest up against each other (“accumulate”) without them pushing product off the belt. If you need accumulation, use a roller conveyor or overhead conveyor
  • Products that won’t slide or roll off the belt. A powered belt conveyor system requires the part to ride on the belt without sliding. If you need the parts to be held while on the conveyor, consider a slat conveyor which can be fitted with tooling to hold the product in place as the conveyor moves along
  • To use the conveyor as a working surface. Belt conveyors are made for transport, not for production operations on them. Use a slat conveyor or roller conveyor.

Different types of belt conveyor surfaces (belting material choices)

  • General purpose
  • Rough top – for extra grip on inclines, declines and products that might slide
  • Higher chemical resistance – for best protection from chemicals
  • High cut resistance – for rough or sharp items like sheet metal or bricks
  • High temperature resistance

Types of Belt Conveyors Available:

Depending upon the product weight and the product being conveyed, we have many different types of belt conveyors available for handling the loads. Product weights typically ranges from 5 lbs. up to 1,280 lbs.

  • Slider Bed style (belt slides on a low friction steel bed between the pulleys)
  • Roller Bed style (belt slides on rollers fore heavier loads)
  • Heavy Duty models with channel frames
  • Belt curves
  • Incline style
  • Troughed belt (with side rails to keep products on the belt)
  • Bolt-together or welded construction dependent upon duty
  • Belt widths up to 72” for heavy duty
  • Lengths in 1’ increments ranging from 5’ to 102’
  • Multiple drive packages and mounting options
  • Power Belt Curves and Belt Inclines available

Are they called “conveyor belts” or “belt conveyors”? Technically the entire assembly as shown here is known as a belt conveyor, or a belt conveyor system. The belting material is made of fabric, rubber or flexible plastic and it is the belting material itself that is the “conveyor belt”.

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belt conveyor

Common Industries and Applications: